While indie rock stalwarts the National emerged from Brooklyn in the early 2000s amidst a garage rock revival that included bands like the Strokes, the Walkmen, and, in the U.K., the Libertines, they distinguished themselves by drawing from a wider set of influences. Merging elements of alternative country-rock, Americana, and chamber pop as well as post-punk into their moody, crafted indie rock, their earliest albums won a dedicated fan base and critical praise before they made an impact on the charts with their fourth LP, 2007's Boxer. It marked a gradual shift away from some of their more rustic influences, as they embraced a more expansive, orchestral sound behind the literate lyrics and brooding vocals of frontman Matt Berninger. An album-oriented band that had yet to land on the Hot 100, the National catapulted into the Top Three of the album charts in multiple countries with 2010's High Violet. They remained a Top Three act throughout the decade, which included the still more expansive, Grammy-winning Sleep Well Beast from 2017.
Founded by lead vocalist Matt Berninger, Aaron Dessner (guitar, bass), and brothers Scott Devendorf (bass, guitar) and Bryan Devendorf (drums) in 1999, the National emerged from Cincinnati, Ohio garage punk band Nancy. Consisting of Berninger, Scott Devendorf, Mike Brewer, Casey Reas, and Jeff Salem, Nancy released the album Ruther 3429 before disbanding when members including Berninger and Devendorf relocated to Brooklyn, New York. Once there, the two former graphic design students joined forces with Cincinnati native and Columbia University graduate Aaron Dessner and Scott's brother Bryan Devendorf. The quartet secured a weekly residency at Manhattan's Luna Lounge and went to work on their debut album. The National saw release in 2001 on Brassland Records, an independent label founded by Aaron Dessner and his twin brother Bryce, a Yale graduate with a Master's degree in music. Bryce soon joined the group on guitar, solidifying a lineup that would remain intact through their rise to mainstream success.
Also released on Brassland, the band's sophomore LP, 2003's Sad Songs for Dirty Lovers, reunited the National with producer Nick Lloyd. It stuck with their debut's sophisticated mix of country-influenced rock and plaintive chamber pop. The album also introduced longtime collaborator Padma Newsome, who contributed violin, viola, and string arrangements. The quintet returned two years later with Alligator, which also featured strings by Newsome as well as piano and organ by Newsome and Lloyd. It marked their debut on the Beggars Banquet label. Their fourth full-length, Boxer, proved a commercial breakthrough in 2007. Featuring expanded instrumentation, including woodwinds and brass, keyboards by Thomas Bartlett (Doveman), and production by the band and Peter Katis, it reached number 68 on the Billboard 200. Boxer charted higher in countries including but not limited to the U.K., New Zealand, and Finland. A year later, they issued The Virginia EP, a collection of unreleased songs, B-sides, demos, and live recordings.
The National signed with 4AD for their fifth studio LP, High Violet. Released in 2010, it embraced the more cinematic sound of Boxer with guests that included not only returning collaborators Newsome and Bartlett, but such names as Sufjan Stevens, Nico Muhly, Nadia Sirota, Bon Iver's Justin Vernon, and Arcade Fire's Richard Reed Parry. High Violet landed in the Top Three in the U.S., Canada, and a handful of European countries, and reached number five in the U.K. They had similar chart placements with 2013's Trouble Will Find Me, which also featured Bartlett, Muhly, Parry, and Stevens alongside over a dozen other instrumentalists. Sharon Van Etten, Nona Marie Invie, and St. Vincent's Annie Clark sang on the record. It was recognized with a Grammy nomination in the alternative album category. Capturing a six-hour live performance of the same song, "Sorrow," at MoMA PS1 in May of 2013, the nine-LP box set Lot of Sorrow followed in 2015.
Around that time, members of the National pursued side projects -- together and separately -- including Pfarmers, a collaboration between Bryan Devendorf, Menomena's Danny Seim, and trombonist Dave Nelson (David Byrne and St. Vincent). The avant indie rock trio released Gunnera in mid-2015. Later that year, Berninger issued Return to the Moon as half of the indie rock duo EL VY with multi-instrumentalist Brent Knopf (Menomena, Ramona Falls). In early 2016, Bryan and Scott Devendorf joined Beirut's Ben Lanz in the experimental rock outfit LNZNDRF. They released their self-titled album via 4AD, following it with the EP Green Roses in August, the same month Pfarmers released their follow-up, Our Puram. The National then reconvened in the studio.
Produced again by the band with help from Katis, the National's third studio album for 4AD and seventh overall, 2017's Sleep Well Beast, continued a trend toward vaster soundscapes. It went to number two in the U.S. and topped the charts in Canada, Ireland, and the U.K. Sleep Well Beast also won the National a Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album in early 2018. Boxer: Live in Brussels saw release later in 2018.
The National returned in May 2019 with their eighth studio album, I Am Easy to Find. Inspired by a collaboration with filmmaker Mike Mills, the album also showcased cameos by a number of female vocalists, including Gail Ann Dorsey, Eve Owen, and Sharon Van Etten.